Beech belongs to the family of heartwood trees. Sap and heartwood have an even pale yellow to reddish-white colouring, red-brown when steam-treated. The wood has an even fine-pored structure without noticeable markings. Older trees (over 80 years old) can develop a reddish core of irregular colour intensity and shape.

Beech wood is medium to heavyweight. It is very hard and tough. It has good strength properties and high abrasion resistance.

Beech can shrink considerably and is subject to movement more than other woods. It should not be subject to moisture fluctuations before or during working.

Despite its hardness, beech wood can be worked easily. It can be cut, planed, drilled and milled. When steam-treated it is well-suited, like the ash, to bending into form.

Surface finishing is straightforward. It can be stained, painted and polished. As compensation for its low durability it is well suited for impregnation.

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